img8 Growing you a masterpiece Follow these simple steps for a beautiful, healthy and trouble-free lawn:

Site preparation:

1) Clear the site of all building materials (wood, cement, bricks, etc.) as well as any buried stumps, rocks, stones or other debris that are larger than 2-3 inches in diameter

2) Rough grade the entire area to eliminate any drainage problems on the property. This would include sloping the grade away from building foundations, eliminating or reducing severe slopes and filling low-lying areas. A tractor mounted blade and/or box are most often used for rough grading, but if the area is small, it can be done with hand tools. The rough grading will probably uncover more debris that should be removed and not buried.

3) Initial tilling to a depth of at least 2 inches, should be completed prior to adding any topsoil or soil amendments. This will control most annual weeds, alleviate subsoil compaction, permit a bonding of the topsoil to the subsoil and improve root penetration as well as air exchange and water movement

4) Add topsoil to achieve a total topsoil depth of 4-6 inches after firming. The topsoil should be loamy sand, sandy loam, clay loam, loam, silt loam, sandy clay loam or other soil suitable for the area.

5) Rhyne’s Select Turf strongly recommends that a soil sample is taken before installation of new sod. Soil sample boxes, instructions, and other soil sample supplies are available from your county Extension office and some garden centers. The following recommendations should help you collect the proper soil samples:

*On new lawns take a uniform core or slice of soil to the depth that the soil was tilled (usually 6-8 inches). Take 10 to 20 of these cores using a zigzag pattern. Mix these cores together in a bucket and remove about 1 pint to put in the soil sample box. *List the specific type of grass on the box and information sheet.  *Any lime recommendations should be followed before the sod is installed. Fertilizer recommendations can be applied before or after sod is installed.

*For more information;

6) Apply “starter fertilizer” that is high in phosphate (“P” or the middle number on a bag of fertilizer) at a rate recommended for the particular product. To avoid root injury to the newly installed turf grass sod, the fertilizer should be raked into the top 3-4 inches.

7) Finish grade the entire site, maintaining the rough grading contours and slopes, with a tractor mounted box blade for large areas or a heavy-duty rake for smaller sites.

8) Roll the area with a lawn roller one-third full of water to firm and settle the surface. Low spots revealed by this step should be filled to match the surrounding grade surface. If time permits, allow the area to settle further with rainfall or by applying irrigation water.

The site is now ready for turf grass sod. With this degree of careful and thoughtful soil and site preparation, your new lawn will be absolutely beautiful. It will require less maintenance …smaller quantities or water, fertilizer and pesticides…as it maintains a high degree of density and recovers rapidly from wear.

Common Mistakes:

1) Using more than one inch of sand to final grading of rough or wet areas. New sod has a difficult time surviving on sand because sand has no nutrients for the grass to become established.

2) Installation site having very little quality topsoil therefore plant nutrients are deficient making the need to apply fertilizer at installation necessary for the sod to get off to a good start.